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A Fast Terahertz Imaging Method Using Sparse Rotating Array

College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2017, 17(10), 2209;
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 24 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
PDF [6393 KB, uploaded 26 September 2017]


For fast and standoff personal screening, a novel terahertz imaging scheme using a sparse rotating array is developed in this paper. A linearly sparse array is designed to move along a circular path with respect to an axis perpendicular to the imaging scenario. For this new scheme, a modified imaging algorithm is proposed based on the frequency-domain reconstruction method in circular synthetic aperture radar. To achieve better imaging performance, an optimization method of the sparse array is also proposed, according to the distribution of the spectral support. Theoretical and numerical analysis of the point spread function (PSF) is provided to demonstrate the high-resolution imaging ability of the proposed scheme. Comprehensive simulations are carried out to validate the feasibility and effectiveness of the array optimization method. Finally, the imaging results of a human-scattering model are also obtained to further demonstrate the good performance of this new imaging scheme and the effectiveness of the array optimization approach. This work can facilitate the design and practice of terahertz imaging systems for security inspection. View Full-Text
Keywords: sparse array optimization; spectral support; synthetic aperture radar; terahertz imaging sparse array optimization; spectral support; synthetic aperture radar; terahertz imaging

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Jiang, Y.; Deng, B.; Qin, Y.; Wang, H.; Liu, K. A Fast Terahertz Imaging Method Using Sparse Rotating Array. Sensors 2017, 17, 2209.

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