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Sensors 2017, 17(1), 148;

Throughput Measurement of a Dual-Band MIMO Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna for LTE Applications

Wireless Communication Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, 22060 Abbottabad, Pakistan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yuh-Shyan Chen and Leonhard M. Reindl
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 10 January 2017 / Published: 13 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [9274 KB, uploaded 19 January 2017]   |  


An L-shaped dual-band multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) rectangular dielectric resonator antenna (RDRA) for long term evolution (LTE) applications is proposed. The presented antenna can transmit and receive information independently using fundamental TE111 and higher order TE121 modes of the DRA. TE111 degenerate mode covers LTE band 2 (1.85–1.99 GHz), 3 (1.71–1.88 GHz), and 9 (1.7499–1.7849 GHz) at fr = 1.8 GHz whereas TE121 covers LTE band 7 (2.5–2.69 GHz) at fr = 2.6 GHz, respectively. An efficient design method has been used to reduce mutual coupling between ports by changing the effective permittivity values of DRA by introducing a cylindrical air-gap at an optimal position in the dielectric resonator. This air-gap along with matching strips at the corners of the dielectric resonator keeps the isolation at a value more than 17 dB at both the bands. The diversity performance has also been evaluated by calculating the envelope correlation coefficient, diversity gain, and mean effective gain of the proposed design. MIMO performance has been evaluated by measuring the throughput of the proposed MIMO antenna. Experimental results successfully validate the presented design methodology in this work. View Full-Text
Keywords: dielectric resonator antenna; MIMO; LTE; mutual coupling dielectric resonator antenna; MIMO; LTE; mutual coupling

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Nasir, J.; Jamaluddin, M.H.; Ahmad Khan, A.; Kamarudin, M.R.; Leow, C.Y.; Owais, O. Throughput Measurement of a Dual-Band MIMO Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna for LTE Applications. Sensors 2017, 17, 148.

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