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Defining Requirements and Related Methods for Designing Sensorized Garments

Design Department, Politecnico di Milano, via G. Durando 38/A, 20158 Milan, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dirk Lehmhus
Sensors 2016, 16(6), 769;
Received: 11 March 2016 / Revised: 18 May 2016 / Accepted: 19 May 2016 / Published: 26 May 2016
PDF [2448 KB, uploaded 26 May 2016]


Designing smart garments has strong interdisciplinary implications, specifically related to user and technical requirements, but also because of the very different applications they have: medicine, sport and fitness, lifestyle monitoring, workplace and job conditions analysis, etc. This paper aims to discuss some user, textile, and technical issues to be faced in sensorized clothes development. In relation to the user, the main requirements are anthropometric, gender-related, and aesthetical. In terms of these requirements, the user’s age, the target application, and fashion trends cannot be ignored, because they determine the compliance with the wearable system. Regarding textile requirements, functional factors—also influencing user comfort—are elasticity and washability, while more technical properties are the stability of the chemical agents’ effects for preserving the sensors’ efficacy and reliability, and assuring the proper duration of the product for the complete life cycle. From the technical side, the physiological issues are the most important: skin conductance, tolerance, irritation, and the effect of sweat and perspiration are key factors for reliable sensing. Other technical features such as battery size and duration, and the form factor of the sensor collector, should be considered, as they affect aesthetical requirements, which have proven to be crucial, as well as comfort and wearability. View Full-Text
Keywords: wearable systems; textile sensors; ergonomics; human factors; sensorized clothes; smart textiles; sensor design wearable systems; textile sensors; ergonomics; human factors; sensorized clothes; smart textiles; sensor design

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Andreoni, G.; Standoli, C.E.; Perego, P. Defining Requirements and Related Methods for Designing Sensorized Garments. Sensors 2016, 16, 769.

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