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Sensors 2015, 15(11), 28889-28914;

Power Approaches for Implantable Medical Devices

LACIME Laboratory, University of Quebec, ÉTS, 1100 Notre-Dame West, Montreal, QC H3C 1K3, Canada
Division of Engineering, STEM, University of Washington, Bothell, WA 98011, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Star
Received: 30 August 2015 / Revised: 15 October 2015 / Accepted: 6 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Power Schemes for Biosensors and Biomedical Devices)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1900 KB, uploaded 23 November 2015]   |  


Implantable medical devices have been implemented to provide treatment and to assess in vivo physiological information in humans as well as animal models for medical diagnosis and prognosis, therapeutic applications and biological science studies. The advances of micro/nanotechnology dovetailed with novel biomaterials have further enhanced biocompatibility, sensitivity, longevity and reliability in newly-emerged low-cost and compact devices. Close-loop systems with both sensing and treatment functions have also been developed to provide point-of-care and personalized medicine. Nevertheless, one of the remaining challenges is whether power can be supplied sufficiently and continuously for the operation of the entire system. This issue is becoming more and more critical to the increasing need of power for wireless communication in implanted devices towards the future healthcare infrastructure, namely mobile health (m-Health). In this review paper, methodologies to transfer and harvest energy in implantable medical devices are introduced and discussed to highlight the uses and significances of various potential power sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: implantable medical devices; energy harvesting; wireless power transfer; power management; inductive coupling implantable medical devices; energy harvesting; wireless power transfer; power management; inductive coupling

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Amar, A.B.; Kouki, A.B.; Cao, H. Power Approaches for Implantable Medical Devices. Sensors 2015, 15, 28889-28914.

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