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Open AccessTechnical Note
Sensors 2015, 15(1), 642-655;

Rapid Elemental Analysis and Provenance Study of Blumea balsamifera DC Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy

Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, South of Wangjing Middle Ring Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100102, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 September 2014 / Accepted: 10 December 2014 / Published: 31 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Micro-Optical Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [970 KB, uploaded 31 December 2014]   |  


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was applied to perform a rapid elemental analysis and provenance study of Blumea balsamifera DC. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were implemented to exploit the multivariate nature of the LIBS data. Scores and loadings of computed principal components visually illustrated the differing spectral data. The PLS-DA algorithm showed good classification performance. The PLS-DA model using complete spectra as input variables had similar discrimination performance to using selected spectral lines as input variables. The down-selection of spectral lines was specifically focused on the major elements of B. balsamifera samples. Results indicated that LIBS could be used to rapidly analyze elements and to perform provenance study of B. balsamifera. View Full-Text
Keywords: LIBS; Blumea balsamifera DC; provenance study; PCA; PLS-DA LIBS; Blumea balsamifera DC; provenance study; PCA; PLS-DA

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, X.; Zhang, Q.; Wu, Z.; Shi, X.; Zhao, N.; Qiao, Y. Rapid Elemental Analysis and Provenance Study of Blumea balsamifera DC Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy. Sensors 2015, 15, 642-655.

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