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Sensors 2014, 14(8), 15553-15572;

Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations

Division of EISLAB, Luleå University of Technology, 971 87 Luleå, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2014 / Revised: 12 August 2014 / Accepted: 13 August 2014 / Published: 21 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
Full-Text   |   PDF [503 KB, uploaded 21 August 2014]


Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA) is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN), which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation. View Full-Text
Keywords: district heating; wireless; substation; WSN; SOA; architecture district heating; wireless; substation; WSN; SOA; architecture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Gustafsson, J.; Kyusakov, R.; Mäkitaavola, H.; Delsing, J. Application of Service Oriented Architecture for Sensors and Actuators in District Heating Substations. Sensors 2014, 14, 15553-15572.

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