Next Article in Journal
The Use of Screen-Printed Electrodes in a Proof of Concept Electrochemical Estimation of Homocysteine and Glutathione in the Presence of Cysteine Using Catechol
Previous Article in Journal
Defect Profile Estimation from Magnetic Flux Leakage Signal via Efficient Managing Particle Swarm Optimization
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Respiratory Monitoring by a Field Ionization Sensor Based on Trichel Pulses

College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrument Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2014, 14(6), 10381-10394;
Received: 5 May 2014 / Revised: 3 June 2014 / Accepted: 5 June 2014 / Published: 12 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
PDF [1050 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


In this paper, a novel method for respiratory monitoring is presented. The method is based on Trichel pulses (TPs) using a simple field ionization sensor which consists of a needle electrode and a plate electrode. Experiments have been conducted to demonstrate that different respiratory patterns, including normal, ultra-fast, deep breaths, and apnea could be easily monitored in real time by detecting the changes in the TP frequency. The vital capacity could also be assessed by calculating the variation of TP frequency. It is found that the operation principle of the proposed sensor is based on the effects of breath airflow and the atomized water in exhaled air on the TP frequency by changing the ionization process and the dynamics of charged particles in the short gap. The influences of applied voltage and ambient parameters have also been investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: respiratory monitoring; Trichel pulses; field ionization sensor respiratory monitoring; Trichel pulses; field ionization sensor

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, F.; Ye, L.; Song, K. Respiratory Monitoring by a Field Ionization Sensor Based on Trichel Pulses. Sensors 2014, 14, 10381-10394.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top