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Sensors 2014, 14(12), 24425-24440;

Multi-Sensor Fusion of Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared (TIR) and Panchromatic (PAN) Images

Department of Geoinformatics, The University of Seoul, 90 Jeonnong-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2014 / Revised: 9 December 2014 / Accepted: 12 December 2014 / Published: 18 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Remote Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [12828 KB, uploaded 18 December 2014]


Data fusion is defined as the combination of data from multiple sensors such that the resulting information is better than would be possible when the sensors are used individually. The multi-sensor fusion of panchromatic (PAN) and thermal infrared (TIR) images is a good example of this data fusion. While a PAN image has higher spatial resolution, a TIR one has lower spatial resolution. In this study, we have proposed an efficient method to fuse Landsat 8 PAN and TIR images using an optimal scaling factor in order to control the trade-off between the spatial details and the thermal information. We have compared the fused images created from different scaling factors and then tested the performance of the proposed method at urban and rural test areas. The test results show that the proposed method merges the spatial resolution of PAN image and the temperature information of TIR image efficiently. The proposed method may be applied to detect lava flows of volcanic activity, radioactive exposure of nuclear power plants, and surface temperature change with respect to land-use change. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal infrared (TIR); panchromatic (PAN); data fusion; Landsat 8; surface temperature thermal infrared (TIR); panchromatic (PAN); data fusion; Landsat 8; surface temperature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jung, H.-S.; Park, S.-W. Multi-Sensor Fusion of Landsat 8 Thermal Infrared (TIR) and Panchromatic (PAN) Images. Sensors 2014, 14, 24425-24440.

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