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WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs

Graduate School of Information and Communication, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2013, 13(5), 6295-6318;
Received: 12 April 2013 / Revised: 8 May 2013 / Accepted: 8 May 2013 / Published: 13 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
PDF [321 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


Reliable source to sink communication is the most important factor for an efficient routing protocol especially in domains of military, healthcare and disaster recovery applications. We present weighted energy aware multipath reliable routing (WEAMR), a novel energy aware multipath routing protocol which utilizes hotline-assisted routing to meet such requirements for mission critical applications. The protocol reduces the number of average hops from source to destination and provides unmatched reliability as compared to well known reactive ad hoc protocols i.e., AODV and AOMDV. Our protocol makes efficient use of network paths based on weighted cost calculation and intelligently selects the best possible paths for data transmissions. The path cost calculation considers end to end number of hops, latency and minimum energy node value in the path. In case of path failure path recalculation is done efficiently with minimum latency and control packets overhead. Our evaluation shows that our proposal provides better end-to-end delivery with less routing overhead and higher packet delivery success ratio compared to AODV and AOMDV. The use of multipath also increases overall life time of WSN network using optimum energy available paths between sender and receiver in WDNs. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network (WSN); sensor nodes; reliability; backbone routers wireless sensor network (WSN); sensor nodes; reliability; backbone routers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Tufail, A.; Qamar, A.; Khan, A.M.; Baig, W.A.; Kim, K.-H. WEAMR — A Weighted Energy Aware Multipath Reliable Routing Mechanism for Hotline-Based WSNs. Sensors 2013, 13, 6295-6318.

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