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Sensors 2012, 12(2), 1919-1929;

The Effect of Direction on Cursor Moving Kinematics

Department of Occupational Therapy, Institute of Clinical Behavioral Science, Chang Gung University, No. 259, Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Kwei-Shan, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
Department of Special Education, National Chiayi University, No. 300, Syuefu Road, Chiayi 600, Taiwan
Department of Information Management, China University of Technology, No. 56, Section 3, Xinglong Road, Wunshan District, Taipei 116, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2011 / Revised: 1 February 2012 / Accepted: 7 February 2012 / Published: 10 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Full-Text   |   PDF [351 KB, uploaded 21 June 2014]


There have been only few studies to substantiate the kinematic characteristics of cursor movement. In this study, a quantitative experimental research method was used to explore the effect of moving direction on the kinematics of cursor movement in 24 typical young persons using our previously developed computerized measuring program. The results of multiple one way repeated measures ANOVAs and post hoc LSD tests demonstrated that the moving direction had effects on average velocity, movement time, movement unit and peak velocity. Moving leftward showed better efficiency than moving rightward, upward and downward from the kinematic evidences such as velocity, movement unit and time. Moreover, the unique pattern of the power spectral density (PSD) of velocity (strategy for power application) explained why the smoothness was still maintained while moving leftward even under an unstable situation with larger momentum. Moreover, the information from this cursor moving study can guide us to relocate the toolbars and icons in the window interface, especially for individuals with physical disabilities whose performances are easily interrupted while controlling the cursor in specific directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: cursor moving direction; kinematics; laterality cursor moving direction; kinematics; laterality
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Meng, L.-F.; Chen, H.-Y.; Lu, C.-P.; Chen, M.-C.; Chu, C.-N. The Effect of Direction on Cursor Moving Kinematics. Sensors 2012, 12, 1919-1929.

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