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Potential Enhanced Survivorship of Crown of Thorns Starfish Larvae due to Near-Annual Nutrient Enrichment during Secondary Outbreaks on the Central Mid-Shelf of the Great Barrier Reef, Australia
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Age and Growth of An Outbreaking Acanthaster cf. solaris Population within the Great Barrier Reef

1
Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB 3 Townsville MC, Townsville, QLD 4810, Australia
2
ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
3
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2017, 9(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/d9010018
Received: 20 December 2016 / Revised: 6 March 2017 / Accepted: 8 March 2017 / Published: 14 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biology, Ecology and Management of Crown-of-Thorns Starfish)
Despite having been studied for more than 40 years, much about the basic life history of crown-of-thorns starfish (CoTS; Acanthaster spp.) remains poorly understood. Size at age—a key metric of productivity for any animal population—has yet to be clearly defined, primarily due to difficulties in obtaining validated ages and potentially indeterminate growth due to factors such as starvation; within-population variability is entirely unknown. Here we develop age and growth estimates for an outbreaking CoTS population in Australian waters by integrating prior information with data from CoTS collected from multiple outbreaking reefs. Age estimates were made from un-validated band counts of 2038 individual starfish. Results from our three-parameter von Bertalanffy Bayesian hierarchical model show that, under 2013–2014 outbreak conditions, CoTS on the GBR grew to a 349 (326, 380) mm (posterior median (95% uncertainty interval)) total diameter at a 0.54 (0.43, 0.66) intrinsic rate of increase. However, we also found substantial evidence (ΔDIC > 200) for inter-reef variability in both maximum size (SD 38 (19, 76)) and intrinsic rate of increase (SD 0.32 (0.20, 0.49)) within the CoTS outbreak initiation area. These results suggest that CoTS demography can vary widely with reef-scale environmental conditions, supporting location-based mechanisms for CoTS outbreaks generally. These findings should help improve population and metapopulation models of CoTS dynamics and better predict the potential damage they may cause in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: age estimation; Bayesian modeling; Great Barrier Reef age estimation; Bayesian modeling; Great Barrier Reef
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MacNeil, M.A.; Chong-Seng, K.M.; Pratchett, D.J.; Thompson, C.A.; Messmer, V.; Pratchett, M.S. Age and Growth of An Outbreaking Acanthaster cf. solaris Population within the Great Barrier Reef. Diversity 2017, 9, 18.

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