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Central and Eastern European Spring Pollen Allergens and Their Expression Analysis—State of the Art

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Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 294976, Nitra, Slovakia
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Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, Faculty of Biotechnology and Food Sciences, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A. Hlinku 294976, Nitra, Slovakia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2016, 8(4), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/d8040019
Received: 8 August 2016 / Accepted: 27 September 2016 / Published: 6 October 2016
Spring pollinosis has become a part of life for many people throughout the world. A wide range of knowledge about the allergenic potential of individual pollen allergen types is documented well, but the starting point of the pollen allergens expression regulation in plants itself is still not fully answered. Expression analysis of pollen allergens does not yet have any specific protocols or methods developed, despite a very good sequence background available in public bioinformatics databases. However, research in this area of interest has a great application potential for breeding and biotechnology of allergenic plants that may benefit from the knowledge of the expression of allergen coding genes in individual varieties or genotypes. Here, a brief review of up-to-date knowledge about the coding sequences of central and eastern European spring pollen allergens is introduced together with real-time based analysis of the expression of two of the main pollen allergens–PR protein type and profilin type of birch and hazelnut. View Full-Text
Keywords: spring pollinosis; allergen expression; Bet v1; profilin; real-time PCR spring pollinosis; allergen expression; Bet v1; profilin; real-time PCR
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Žiarovská, J.; Zeleňáková, L. Central and Eastern European Spring Pollen Allergens and Their Expression Analysis—State of the Art. Diversity 2016, 8, 19.

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