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Microbial Diversity Associated with Photosynthetic Organisms

by * and *
Biological Resource Center/Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC), Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Jeongeup 56212, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2022, 14(2), 140;
Received: 11 February 2022 / Accepted: 15 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Diversity Associated with Photosynthetic Organisms)
Photosynthetic organisms (e.g., algae and plants) can produce organic substances from inorganic nutrients based on energy harvested from light as the primary producers in both the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Photosynthetic organism-associated microorganisms are referred to as the photosynthetic organism microbiome. Currently, bacterial communities together with other microbial inhabitants are regarded as an indispensable part of all of the photosynthetic organisms, because they play a crucial role in the growth, nutrient uptake, health and stress tolerance of photosynthetic organisms [1]. Therefore, microbial diversity associated with photosynthetic organisms is an area of recent research interest for microbiologists, ecologists, taxonomists, biotechnologists, phycologists and agriculturists [2,3]. For example, in the aquatic ecosystem, microorganisms play multiple important roles in algal growth and survival [2,4]; in the terrestrial ecosystem, microorganisms (e.g., heterotrophic bacteria) not only decompose plant and animal organic matter, but also promote plant growth by complex communication mechanisms and nutrient exchange [5,6].
Algae is a large and diverse group of photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms, and have been widely recognized for their capacity to produce polysaccharides, lipids, pigments and other valuable compounds in significant amounts [7]. Algae are used for producing healthy food and food supplements, and as an ingredient in aquaculture, animal feed, and as soil biofertilizer [8,9]. The alga-associated microorganisms are a pivotal part of the alga holobiont and have a key role in modulating algal populations in nature [9]. Interactions between algae and bacteria are arguably the most important interspecies interaction in the environment.
Plant-associated microorganisms are a key determinant of plant health and productivity and have received substantial attention in recent years [6,10,11]. Bacterial communities together with other microbial inhabitants are an inevitable and abundant part of all plants. Especially in recent years, the identification and characterization of rhizobacteria in agricultural production is considered to be of great significance. In our Special Issue, Zapata et al. [12] isolated 58 rhizobacterial strains from the plant rhizosphere of cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz CIAT MCOL1734 variety subjected to water deprivation, and identified the bacteria belonged to 12 genera: Achromobacter, Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Buttiauxella, Cronobacter, Klebsiella, Ochrobactrum, Pluralibacter, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Serratia, and Sphingomonas. The cassava roots constitute a great reservoir of potential Gram-negative rhizobacteria with remarkable biotechnological applications. These strains can be used for plant inoculation or development of bio-inoculants to improve the drought tolerance of plant crops under water-deficit conditions.
Microbial genome sequences have been a concern ever since the emergence of next-genome sequencing. Jiang et al. [13] investigated the complete genome sequence of the type strain of a plant growth-promoting bacterium Jejubacter calystegiae KSNA2T (accession number KCTC 72234T) using two complementary sequencing platforms (Illumina HiSeq and PacBio RSII), and provided a framework for further genetic studies to better understand the mechanism of bacteria-mediated salt tolerance in plants. Functional annotation of the KSNA2T genome revealed several genes involved in salt tolerance pathways, such as those encoding sodium transporters, potassium transporters, and osmoprotectant enzymes. The results of the plant growth-promoting bacteria-based experiments indicate that strain KSNA2T could improve seed germination in saline conditions, demonstrating its potential for future applications in agriculture and providing valuable insights for studies of the mechanisms of salt tolerance in plants.
This Special Issue of Diversity aims to investigate the microbial diversity (e.g., bacteria and fungi) associated with photosynthetic organisms, and provides an opportunity to improve the current knowledge regarding microbial diversity. This Special Issue will be also a good platform to discuss new approaches for monitoring microbial diversity. Meanwhile, we suggest the authors could deposit the isolated microorganisms on the Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC; of the Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), which is one of the largest biological resource centers in the world.

Author Contributions

Data compilation: Z.L. and S.-G.K.; manuscript writing: Z.L. and S.-G.K.; editing: Z.L. and S.-G.K. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This work was supported by the KRIBB Research Initiative Program (KGM5232221).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Li, Z.; Kim, S.-G. Microbial Diversity Associated with Photosynthetic Organisms. Diversity 2022, 14, 140.

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Li Z, Kim S-G. Microbial Diversity Associated with Photosynthetic Organisms. Diversity. 2022; 14(2):140.

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Li, Zhun, and Song-Gun Kim. 2022. "Microbial Diversity Associated with Photosynthetic Organisms" Diversity 14, no. 2: 140.

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