Next Article in Journal
Phylogenetics and Biogeography of Lilium ledebourii from the Hyrcanian Forest
Next Article in Special Issue
Small Mammal Diversity in Response to Land Transformation and Seasonal Variation in South Africa
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Pronounced Seasonal Diet Diversity Expansion of Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) in Northern Greece during the Non-Breeding Season: The Role of Tortoises
Article

Biological Interaction as a Possible Ultimate Driver in the Local Extinction of Cedrus atlantica in the Iberian Peninsula

1
Department of Botany, University of Granada, C.U. Fuentenueva, 18071 Granada, Spain
2
Department of Botany, Ecology and Plant Physiology, University of Cordoba, C.U. Rabanales, 14014 Cordoba, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2022, 14(2), 136; https://doi.org/10.3390/d14020136
Received: 16 December 2021 / Revised: 9 February 2022 / Accepted: 12 February 2022 / Published: 15 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 2021 Feature Papers by Diversity’s Editorial Board Members)
The presence of Cedrus atlantica on the European continent, including, especially, the determination of the time of its disappearance from the Iberian Peninsula, is one of the most controversial issues in recent decades regarding the successive extinction of conifers in the Western Mediterranean. This work propounds the possibility that C. atlantica and Pinus nigra could have co-habited in the past, mutually excluding each other in the areas with suitable conditions for both species, where, ultimately, the one that was the most competitive would have remained. The niche overlap in the two-dimensional ecological space was analyzed. In addition, the potential distribution of both species in the Western Mediterranean today and two past periods (Last Glacial Maximum and Mid-Holocene) was modeled to identify their common geographic area of distribution. The species showed very well differentiated niches and a distribution of their habitats virtually segregated by continents since the Mid-Holocene (P. nigra in Europe and C. atlantica in Africa), which responds to differences in climatic affinities. However, the contact of the bordering areas of their distributions in the Baetic mountain range suggests that C. atlantica could have maintained its presence in the Iberian Peninsula until recent times. P. nigra would have displace it in later stages due to its greater prevalence on the continent, so it would have had greater opportunities to occupy the available space. View Full-Text
Keywords: black pine; cedar; competition; ecological niche; paleoecology black pine; cedar; competition; ecological niche; paleoecology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

González-Hernández, A.; Nieto-Lugilde, D.; Alba-Sánchez, F.; Peñas, J. Biological Interaction as a Possible Ultimate Driver in the Local Extinction of Cedrus atlantica in the Iberian Peninsula. Diversity 2022, 14, 136. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14020136

AMA Style

González-Hernández A, Nieto-Lugilde D, Alba-Sánchez F, Peñas J. Biological Interaction as a Possible Ultimate Driver in the Local Extinction of Cedrus atlantica in the Iberian Peninsula. Diversity. 2022; 14(2):136. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14020136

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Hernández, Antonio, Diego Nieto-Lugilde, Francisca Alba-Sánchez, and Julio Peñas. 2022. "Biological Interaction as a Possible Ultimate Driver in the Local Extinction of Cedrus atlantica in the Iberian Peninsula" Diversity 14, no. 2: 136. https://doi.org/10.3390/d14020136

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop