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A Participatory Agrobiodiversity Conservation Approach in the Oases: Community Actions for the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Fragile Areas

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Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Forestali, Alimentari, Università di Torino, Largo Paolo Braccini, 1, 10195 Grugliasco, TO, Italy
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UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Development and Territory Management, University of Turin, 10124 Turin, Italy
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Association Persone Come Noi Tunisie, Route de Gafsa, El Hamma du Jérid, Tozeur 2214, Tunisia
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Dipartimento di Architettura, Università degli Studi di Palermo, Centro di Conservazione della Biodiversità di Interesse Agrario, Viale delle Scienze, Edificio 14, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Michael Wink
Diversity 2021, 13(6), 253; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13060253
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 5 June 2021 / Published: 8 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Biodiversity Conservation)
Rural development policies today include significant directions towards ecological transition and sustainability. Biodiversity plays a fundamental role, especially in fragile environments. The North African oases, for example, are socio-ecological structures with delicate balances in terms of natural resources, where the activation of participatory conservation approaches appears today to be very useful, aiming at long-lasting results. This type of approach was applied in the oasis of El Hamma, in Tunisia. The socio-ecological analysis was carried out through semi-structured interviews with different stakeholders of the oasis. The results were used to activate focus groups and to identify, in a participatory way, a conservation strategy for the species and the varieties at risk of erosion or disappearing. From this research, a wide spread of non-traditional date palm and vegetables emerged in a very diverse social context. These products were recognized as highly significant in terms of traditional knowledge by all stakeholders. Therefore, a Maison des semences and a public conservation center for perennial species were created, representing the first step of a participatory conservation model. Seeds of 11 traditional annual species, 10 date palm varieties and, in perspective, many other fruit species and vegetable varieties have been introduced into conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrobiodiversity; oasis; ecosystems; sustainable development; socio-ecological systems agrobiodiversity; oasis; ecosystems; sustainable development; socio-ecological systems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Peano, C.; Caron, S.; Mahfoudhi, M.; Zammel, K.; Zaidi, H.; Sottile, F. A Participatory Agrobiodiversity Conservation Approach in the Oases: Community Actions for the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Fragile Areas. Diversity 2021, 13, 253. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13060253

AMA Style

Peano C, Caron S, Mahfoudhi M, Zammel K, Zaidi H, Sottile F. A Participatory Agrobiodiversity Conservation Approach in the Oases: Community Actions for the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Fragile Areas. Diversity. 2021; 13(6):253. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13060253

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peano, Cristiana, Stefania Caron, Mohamed Mahfoudhi, Khouloud Zammel, Houda Zaidi, and Francesco Sottile. 2021. "A Participatory Agrobiodiversity Conservation Approach in the Oases: Community Actions for the Promotion of Sustainable Development in Fragile Areas" Diversity 13, no. 6: 253. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13060253

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