Next Article in Journal
Integrative Descriptions of Two New Mesobiotus Species (Tardigrada, Eutardigrada, Macrobiotidae) from Vietnam
Previous Article in Journal
Range Shifts in the Worldwide Expansion of Oenothera drummondii subsp. drummondii, a Plant Species of Coastal Dunes
Article

Diversity of Flower Visiting Beetles at Higher Elevations on the Yulong Snow Mountain (Yunnan, China)

by 1,2, 3,4,* and 1,*
1
College of Plant Protection, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China
2
Kunming Natural History Museum of Zoology, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
3
Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201, China
4
Lijiang Forest Biodiversity National Observation and Research Station, Lijiang 674100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luc Legal
Diversity 2021, 13(11), 604; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13110604
Received: 17 October 2021 / Revised: 16 November 2021 / Accepted: 19 November 2021 / Published: 21 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Diversity)
Background: Flowers are one of the important microhabitats promoting beetle diversity, but little is known about variation in the diversity of these insects at higher elevations. We do not know how divergent habitats influence the distribution of beetles among montane flora. Methods: We sampled beetles systematically in angiosperm flowers at 12 sites at two elevations (2700 m and 3200 m) and in two habitats (meadows and forests) for two consecutive years (2018 and 2019) on the Yulong Snow Mountain in Yunnan, southwestern China. Beetle diversity among sites were compared. Their interactions with flowers of identified plant species were analyzed using bipartite networks approach. Results: We collected 153 species of beetles from 90 plant species recording 3391 interactions. While plant species richness was lower at the higher, 3200 m elevation regardless of habitat type, beetle species richness was not significantly different among sites. Plant-beetle interaction networks were strongly modular and specialized. The structure of networks showed greater differences between elevations than between habitats. The turnover of networks was determined by species composition showing a weak influence by interaction rewiring. Conclusion: Our study showed a high diversity of beetles in flowers at higher elevations within this mountain complex. The role of beetles in plant–insect interactions within some sections of temperate, montane sites appear to be underestimated and warrant further study. View Full-Text
Keywords: alpine; diversity; Hengduan Mountain; modularity; plant–insect interaction alpine; diversity; Hengduan Mountain; modularity; plant–insect interaction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, K.-Q.; Ren, Z.-X.; Li, Q. Diversity of Flower Visiting Beetles at Higher Elevations on the Yulong Snow Mountain (Yunnan, China). Diversity 2021, 13, 604. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13110604

AMA Style

Li K-Q, Ren Z-X, Li Q. Diversity of Flower Visiting Beetles at Higher Elevations on the Yulong Snow Mountain (Yunnan, China). Diversity. 2021; 13(11):604. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13110604

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Kai-Qin, Zong-Xin Ren, and Qiang Li. 2021. "Diversity of Flower Visiting Beetles at Higher Elevations on the Yulong Snow Mountain (Yunnan, China)" Diversity 13, no. 11: 604. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13110604

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop