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Open AccessArticle

An Italian Research Culture Collection of Wood Decay Fungi

1
Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (DSTA), University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
2
School of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, University of Bolognavia, Guidotti 39, 40134 Bologna, Italy
3
MOGU S.r.l. Via San Francesco d’Assisi 62, 21020 Inarzo (VA), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(2), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12020058
Received: 29 December 2019 / Revised: 28 January 2020 / Accepted: 30 January 2020 / Published: 1 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Diversity in the Mediterranean Area)
One of the main aims of the University of Pavia mycology laboratory was to collect wood decay fungal (WDF) strains in order to deepen taxonomic studies, species distribution, officinal properties or to investigate potential applications such as biocomposite material production based on fungi. The Italian Alps, Apennines and wood plains were investigated to collect Basidiomycota basidiomata from living or dead trees. The purpose of this study was to investigate the wood decay strains of the Mediterranean area, selecting sampling sites in North and Central Italy, including forests near the Ligurian and Adriatic seas, or near the Lombardy lakes. The isolation of mycelia in pure culture was performed according to the current methodology and the identity of the strains was confirmed by molecular analyses. The strains are maintained in the Research Culture Collection MicUNIPV of Pavia University (Italy). Among the 500 WDF strains in the collection, the most interesting isolates from the Mediterranean area are: Dichomitus squalens (basidioma collected from Pinus pinea), Hericium erinaceus (medicinal mushroom), Inocutis tamaricis (white-rot agent on Tamarix trees), Perenniporia meridionalis (wood degrader through Mn peroxidase) and P. ochroleuca. In addition, strains of species related to the Mediterranean climate (e.g., Fomitiporia mediterranea and Cellulariella warnieri) were obtained from sites with a continental-temperate climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood decay fungi (WDF); culture collection; fungal strain; host; Italy; morphological and molecular identification wood decay fungi (WDF); culture collection; fungal strain; host; Italy; morphological and molecular identification
MDPI and ACS Style

Girometta, C.E.; Bernicchia, A.; Baiguera, R.M.; Bracco, F.; Buratti, S.; Cartabia, M.; Picco, A.M.; Savino, E. An Italian Research Culture Collection of Wood Decay Fungi. Diversity 2020, 12, 58.

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