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Diversity 2019, 11(2), 16;

Replacement Names for Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler and Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea: Mesophyletidae)
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Memphis, 3700 Walker Ave, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection, G.P.O. Box 1700, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 January 2019 / Accepted: 19 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019


In a recent paper we published on the weevil fauna preserved in Burmese amber, two newly proposed generic names were subsequently identified as preoccupied names (Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler and Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler). We propose the name Zimmiorhinus as a replacement name for Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler and Burmophyletis as a replacement name for Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler.
homonym; taxonomy; Curculionoidea; Mesophyletidae; Cretaceous

1. Introduction

The recent paper by Clarke et al. published in Diversity 11(1) [1] proposed the new name of Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler, with type species Elwoodius conicops Clarke & Oberprieler, and Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler, with type species Platychirus beloides Clarke & Oberprieler, for two weevil species assigned to the extinct family Mesophyletidae. Each of these species were represented by unique holotypes preserved in Burmese amber. The name Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler is preoccupied by the name of an extant weevil genus, Elwoodius Colonnelli, 2014, with type species Elwoodius barbatus (Curculionidae) from Socotra Is., Yemen [2]. The name Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler is preoccupied by the synonymic name of an extant fly genus, Platychirus Agassiz, 1846 (Syrphidae) [3], being an intentional though unjustified emendation [4,5] of the valid name Platycheirus Lepeletier & Serville, 1828 [6], but an available name. Both of these available names had escaped our searches for homonyms of all generic names proposed in our paper.
Neither of these two homonymic names proposed by Clarke & Oberprieler [1] have any synonyms; therefore, for each of them a substitute name must be proposed with its own author and date, in accordance with Article 60.3 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature [7]. The purpose of this Communication is to propose these replacement names.

2. Replacement Names

Genus Zimmiorhinus Clarke & Oberprieler, new name
Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018, non Elwoodius Colonnelli, 2014 [2]. Type species: Elwoodius conicops Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018.
Remarks/Derivation of name. Like the preoccupied name Elwoodius Clarke & Oberprieler, this replacement name is proposed in honor of the late Elwood C. Zimmerman, affectionately known as ‘Zimmie’. Its gender is masculine. The single species included in the genus is Zimmiorhinus conicops (Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018), comb.n.
Genus Burmophyletis Clarke & Oberprieler, new name
Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018, non Platychirus Agassiz, 1846 [3]. Type species: Platychirus beloides Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018.
Remarks/Derivation of name. This replacement name for Platychirus Clarke & Oberprieler is derived from Burma, the old name for Myanmar, where the specimen was found, and the Greek word phyle, tribe or race, in reference to the genus Mesophyletis, the type genus of Mesophyletidae. Its gender is feminine. The single species included in the genus is Burmophyletis beloides (Clarke & Oberprieler, 2018), comb.n.


We thank Enzo Colonnelli for alerting us to the existence of the name Elwoodius Colonnelli, which also facilitated the discovery of the name Platychirus Agassiz.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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