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Diversity 2018, 10(3), 67;

Improving Standards for At-Risk Butterfly Translocations

McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, 3215 Hull Rd., Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Entomology and Nematology Department, University of Florida, Steinmetz Hall, Natural Area Dr., Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
Minnesota Zoo, 13000 Zoo Blvd., Apple Valley, MN 55124, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2018 / Revised: 13 July 2018 / Accepted: 17 July 2018 / Published: 19 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Butterfly Conservation)
Full-Text   |   PDF [654 KB, uploaded 19 July 2018]   |  


The use of human mediated translocations has been an increasing component of many species recovery initiatives, including for numerous imperiled Lepidopteran species. Despite the identified need for this ex situ strategy, few such programs are conducted in a scientifically repeatable way, are executed with a structured decision-making process, are well documented throughout, or are documented only in gray literature. The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Guidelines for Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations are an important tool for conservation practitioners to help implement comprehensive translocation planning. These generalized guidelines are intended to be applicable to all taxa. Though there is a growing body of literature and supplementary guidelines for many vertebrate classes, other proposed standards fail to capture the specific biology of many invertebrate groups, like Lepidoptera. Here, we present a targeted list of detailed recommendations that are appropriate for Lepidopteran translocation programs to expand on the broad and tested guidelines developed by the IUCN. We assert that the increased standardization and repeatability among Lepidopteran translocations will improve the conservation outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Lepidoptera; conservation translocation; reintroduction; recovery; IUCN Translocation Guidelines Lepidoptera; conservation translocation; reintroduction; recovery; IUCN Translocation Guidelines

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Daniels, J.C.; Nordmeyer, C.; Runquist, E. Improving Standards for At-Risk Butterfly Translocations. Diversity 2018, 10, 67.

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