Next Article in Journal
Sublethal RNA Oxidation as a Mechanism for Neurodegenerative Disease
Next Article in Special Issue
Cellulosic Ethanol: Securing the Planet Future Energy Needs
Previous Article in Journal
Metabolic Compartmentation – A System Level Property of Muscle Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Combustion Analysis of Different Olive Residues
Review

Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops

USDA-ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit, Building 3702, Curtin Road, University Park, PA 16802-3702, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9(5), 768-788; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9050768
Received: 7 April 2008 / Revised: 9 May 2008 / Accepted: 12 May 2008 / Published: 20 May 2008
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofuels R&D: Securing the Planet's Future Energy Needs)
The lignocellulose in forage crops represents a second generation of biomass feedstock for conversion into energy-related end products. Some of the most extensively studied species for cellulosic feedstock production include forages such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.), and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). An advantage of using forages as bioenergy crops is that farmers are familiar with their management and already have the capacity to grow, harvest, store, and transport them. Forage crops offer additional flexibility in management because they can be used for biomass or forage and the land can be returned to other uses or put into crop rotation. Estimates indicate about 22.3 million ha of cropland, idle cropland, and cropland pasture will be needed for biomass production in 2030. Converting these lands to large scale cellulosic energy farming could push the traditional forage-livestock industry to ever more marginal lands. Furthermore, encouraging bioenergy production from marginal lands could directly compete with forage-livestock production. View Full-Text
Keywords: bioenergy crops; carbon sequestration; cellulosic ethanol; greenhouse gases; switchgrass bioenergy crops; carbon sequestration; cellulosic ethanol; greenhouse gases; switchgrass
Show Figures

MDPI and ACS Style

Sanderson, M.A.; Adler, P.R. Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2008, 9, 768-788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9050768

AMA Style

Sanderson MA, Adler PR. Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2008; 9(5):768-788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9050768

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanderson, Matt A., and Paul R. Adler. 2008. "Perennial Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 9, no. 5: 768-788. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms9050768

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop