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Article

Mesoporous Silica-Bioglass Composite Pellets as Bone Drug Delivery System with Mineralization Potential

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Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Gdańsk, Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Gdańsk, Hallera 107, 80-416 Gdańsk, Poland
3
Department of Molecular Enzymology and Oncology, Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Gdańsk and Medical University of Gdańsk, Dębinki 1, 80-211 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Catarina Pinto Reis and Maria Manuela Gaspar
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(9), 4708; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22094708
Received: 31 March 2021 / Revised: 19 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 29 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Therapeutic Polymers for Drug Delivery)
For decades, local bone drug delivery systems have been investigated in terms of their application in regenerative medicine. Among them, inorganic polymers based on amorphous silica have been widely explored. In this work, we combined two types of amorphous silica: bioglass and doxycycline-loaded mesoporous silica MCM-41 into the form of spherical granules (pellets) as a bifunctional bone drug delivery system. Both types of silica were obtained in a sol-gel method. The drug adsorption onto the MCM-41 was performed via adsorption from concentrated doxycycline hydrochloride solution. Pellets were obtained on a laboratory scale using the wet granulation-extrusion-spheronization method and investigated in terms of physical properties, drug release, antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, mineralization properties in simulated body fluid, and cytotoxicity towards human osteoblasts. The obtained pellets were characterized by satisfactory mechanical properties which eliminated the risk of pellets cracking during further investigations. The biphasic drug release from pellets was observed: burst stage (44% of adsorbed drug released within the first day) followed by prolonged release with zero-order kinetics (estimated time of complete drug release was 19 days) with maintained antimicrobial activity. The progressive biomimetic apatite formation on the surface of the pellets was observed. No cytotoxic effect of pellets towards human osteoblasts was noticed. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesoporous silica; bioactive glass; hydroxyapatite; bone regeneration; drug delivery; pellets mesoporous silica; bioactive glass; hydroxyapatite; bone regeneration; drug delivery; pellets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szewczyk, A.; Skwira, A.; Konopacka, A.; Sądej, R.; Prokopowicz, M. Mesoporous Silica-Bioglass Composite Pellets as Bone Drug Delivery System with Mineralization Potential. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22094708

AMA Style

Szewczyk A, Skwira A, Konopacka A, Sądej R, Prokopowicz M. Mesoporous Silica-Bioglass Composite Pellets as Bone Drug Delivery System with Mineralization Potential. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(9):4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22094708

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szewczyk, Adrian, Adrianna Skwira, Agnieszka Konopacka, Rafał Sądej, and Magdalena Prokopowicz. 2021. "Mesoporous Silica-Bioglass Composite Pellets as Bone Drug Delivery System with Mineralization Potential" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 9: 4708. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22094708

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