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Review

The Role of Exosomes and Their Applications in Cancer

School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Aamir Ahmad
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(22), 12204; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212204
Received: 8 October 2021 / Revised: 3 November 2021 / Accepted: 9 November 2021 / Published: 11 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exosomes in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy 2.0)
Exosomes are very small extracellular vesicles secreted by multiple cell types and are extensively distributed in various biological fluids. Recent research indicated that exosomes can participate in regulating the tumor microenvironment and impacting tumor proliferation and progression. Due to the extensive enrollment in cancer development, exosomes have become a focus of the search for a new therapeutic method for cancer. Exosomes can be utilized for the therapeutic delivery of small molecules, proteins and RNAs to target cancer cells with a high efficiency. Exosome-carried proteins, lipids and nucleic acids are being tested as promising biomarkers for cancer diagnosis and prognosis, even as potential treatment targets for cancer. Moreover, different sources of exosomes exhibit multiple performances in cancer applications. In this review, we elaborate on the specific mechanism by which exosomes affect the communication between tumors and the microenvironment and state the therapeutic and diagnostic applications of exosomes in cancers. View Full-Text
Keywords: exosomes; tumor microenvironment; cancers; applications exosomes; tumor microenvironment; cancers; applications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Gong, H.; Luo, S.; Cui, Y. The Role of Exosomes and Their Applications in Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 12204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212204

AMA Style

Zhou Y, Zhang Y, Gong H, Luo S, Cui Y. The Role of Exosomes and Their Applications in Cancer. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(22):12204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212204

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Yuju, Ying Zhang, Huan Gong, Siqi Luo, and Yan Cui. 2021. "The Role of Exosomes and Their Applications in Cancer" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 22: 12204. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212204

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