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Zinc Induced Aβ16 Aggregation Modeled by Molecular Dynamics

Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vavilov St. 32, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22(22), 12161; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212161
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 29 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 November 2021 / Published: 10 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Macromolecules)
It is widely accepted that the addition of zinc leads to the formation of neurotoxic nonfibrillar aggregates of beta-amyloid peptides Aβ40 and Aβ42 and at the same time destabilizes amyloid fibrils. However, the mechanism of the effect of zinc on beta-amyloid is not fully understood. In this study, a fast zinc-induced aggregation of Aβ16 (as compared to a system without zinc) via the formation of Aβ16 dimers with one zinc ion coordinated in the metal-binding site 11EVHH14, followed by their polymerization, has been studied by molecular dynamics. The best aggregation was shown by the system composed of Aβ16 dimers bound by one zinc ion, with no additional zinc in solution. The presence of Aβ16 dimers was a major condition, sufficient for fast aggregation into larger complexes. It has been shown that the addition of zinc to a system with already formed dimers does not substantially affect the characteristics and rate of aggregation. At the same time, an excessive concentration of zinc at the early stages of the formation of conglomerates can negatively affect aggregation, since in systems where zinc ions occupied the 11EVHH14 coordination center and the His6 residue of every Aβ16 monomer, the aggregation proceeded more slowly and the resulting complexes were not as large as in the zinc-free Aβ system. Thus, this study has shown that the formation of Aβ16 dimers bound through zinc ions at the 11EVHH14 sites of the peptides plays an important role in the formation of neurotoxic non-fibrillar aggregates of beta-amyloid peptide Aβ16. The best energetically favorable structure has been obtained for the complex of two Aβ16 dimers with two zinc ions. View Full-Text
Keywords: 16; aggregation; metal binding site; zinc ion; MD; beta-amyloid 16; aggregation; metal binding site; zinc ion; MD; beta-amyloid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tolstova, A.P.; Makarov, A.A.; Adzhubei, A.A. Zinc Induced Aβ16 Aggregation Modeled by Molecular Dynamics. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 12161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212161

AMA Style

Tolstova AP, Makarov AA, Adzhubei AA. Zinc Induced Aβ16 Aggregation Modeled by Molecular Dynamics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2021; 22(22):12161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212161

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tolstova, Anna P., Alexander A. Makarov, and Alexei A. Adzhubei. 2021. "Zinc Induced Aβ16 Aggregation Modeled by Molecular Dynamics" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 22, no. 22: 12161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms222212161

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