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Review

Gut Microbiota beyond Bacteria—Mycobiome, Virome, Archaeome, and Eukaryotic Parasites in IBD

1
Center for Translational and Clinical Research, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
University Centre Varaždin, University North, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
3
Division of Electronics, Ruđer Bošković Institute, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
4
Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(8), 2668; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082668
Received: 30 January 2020 / Revised: 2 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 11 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pathophysiology in Colonic Diseases)
The human microbiota is a diverse microbial ecosystem associated with many beneficial physiological functions as well as numerous disease etiologies. Dominated by bacteria, the microbiota also includes commensal populations of fungi, viruses, archaea, and protists. Unlike bacterial microbiota, which was extensively studied in the past two decades, these non-bacterial microorganisms, their functional roles, and their interaction with one another or with host immune system have not been as widely explored. This review covers the recent findings on the non-bacterial communities of the human gastrointestinal microbiota and their involvement in health and disease, with particular focus on the pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); mycobiome; virome; archaeome; eukaryotic parasites gut microbiota; inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); mycobiome; virome; archaeome; eukaryotic parasites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matijašić, M.; Meštrović, T.; Čipčić Paljetak, H.; Perić, M.; Barešić, A.; Verbanac, D. Gut Microbiota beyond Bacteria—Mycobiome, Virome, Archaeome, and Eukaryotic Parasites in IBD. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082668

AMA Style

Matijašić M, Meštrović T, Čipčić Paljetak H, Perić M, Barešić A, Verbanac D. Gut Microbiota beyond Bacteria—Mycobiome, Virome, Archaeome, and Eukaryotic Parasites in IBD. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(8):2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082668

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matijašić, Mario, Tomislav Meštrović, Hana Čipčić Paljetak, Mihaela Perić, Anja Barešić, and Donatella Verbanac. 2020. "Gut Microbiota beyond Bacteria—Mycobiome, Virome, Archaeome, and Eukaryotic Parasites in IBD" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 8: 2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082668

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