Next Article in Journal
Comprehensive Phosphoproteomic Analysis of Pepper Fruit Development Provides Insight into Plant Signaling Transduction
Next Article in Special Issue
Historical Perspective: Models of Parkinson’s Disease
Previous Article in Journal
The Roles of Cyclin-Dependent Kinases in Cell-Cycle Progression and Therapeutic Strategies in Human Breast Cancer
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mitochondrial E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Parkin: Relationships with Other Causal Proteins in Familial Parkinson’s Disease and Its Substrate-Involved Mouse Experimental Models
Open AccessReview

Animal Model for Prodromal Parkinson’s Disease

Department of Neurology, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(6), 1961;
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 10 March 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 13 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Animal Models of Parkinson's Disease and Related Disorders)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and subsequent motor symptoms, but various non-motor symptoms (NMS) often precede motor symptoms. Recently, NMS have attracted much attention as a clue for identifying patients in a prodromal stage of PD, which is an excellent point at which to administer disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). These prodromal symptoms include olfactory loss, constipation, and sleep disorders, especially rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), all of which are also important for elucidating the mechanisms of the initiation and progression of the disease. For the development of DMTs, an animal model that reproduces the prodromal stage of PD is also needed. There have been various mammalian models reported, including toxin-based, genetic, and alpha synuclein propagation models. In this article, we review the animal models that exhibit NMS as prodromal symptoms and also discuss an appropriate prodromal model and its importance for the development of DMT of PD. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; prodromal; animal model; alpha synuclein Parkinson’s disease; prodromal; animal model; alpha synuclein
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Taguchi, T.; Ikuno, M.; Yamakado, H.; Takahashi, R. Animal Model for Prodromal Parkinson’s Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1961.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop