Next Article in Journal
Modulation of Energy Metabolism Is Important for Low-Oxygen Stress Adaptation in Brassicaceae Species
Previous Article in Journal
Using Serum Amino Acids to Predict Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Approach to Utilize Multiple Biomarkers
Open AccessReview

New Perspectives Related to the Bioluminescent System in Dinoflagellates: Pyrocystis lunula, a Case Study

1
Microbiology Laboratory, Institute of Viticulture and Agri-food Research (IVAGRO), Environmental and Marine Sciences Faculty. University of Cadiz (UCA), 11510 Puerto Real, Spain
2
Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingenieria y Ciencias, 76130 Queretaro, Mexico
3
Institute of Marine Sciences of Andalusia (ICMAN), Department of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), 11519 Puerto Real, Spain
4
Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research of the University of Porto (CIIMAR), 4450-208 Matosinhos, Portugal
5
Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar (ICBAS-UP), University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
6
Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Biology Department, University of Cadiz (UCA), 11510 Puerto Real, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(5), 1784; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21051784
Received: 27 January 2020 / Revised: 19 February 2020 / Accepted: 3 March 2020 / Published: 5 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Microbiology)
Pyrocystis lunula is considered a model organism due to its bioluminescence capacity linked to circadian rhythms. The mechanisms underlying the bioluminescent phenomenon have been well characterized in dinoflagellates; however, there are still some aspects that remain an enigma. Such is the case of the presence and diversity of the luciferin-binding protein (LBP), as well as the synthesis process of luciferin. Here we carry out a review of the literature in relation to the molecular players responsible for bioluminescence in dinoflagellates, with particular interest in P. lunula. We also carried out a phylogenetic analysis of the conservation of protein sequence, structure and evolutionary pattern of these key players. The basic structure of the luciferase (LCF) is quite conserved among the sequences reported to date for dinoflagellate species, but not in the case of the LBP, which has proven to be more variable in terms of sequence and structure. In the case of luciferin, its synthesis has been shown to be complex process with more than one metabolic pathway involved. The glutathione S-transferase (GST) and the P630 or blue compound, seem to be involved in this process. In the same way, various hypotheses regarding the role of bioluminescence in dinoflagellates are exposed. View Full-Text
Keywords: luciferase; luciferin-binding protein; luciferin; P630; blue compound; glutathione S-transferase luciferase; luciferin-binding protein; luciferin; P630; blue compound; glutathione S-transferase
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fajardo, C.; De Donato, M.; Rodulfo, H.; Martinez-Rodriguez, G.; Costas, B.; Mancera, J.M.; Fernandez-Acero, F.J. New Perspectives Related to the Bioluminescent System in Dinoflagellates: Pyrocystis lunula, a Case Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21051784

AMA Style

Fajardo C, De Donato M, Rodulfo H, Martinez-Rodriguez G, Costas B, Mancera JM, Fernandez-Acero FJ. New Perspectives Related to the Bioluminescent System in Dinoflagellates: Pyrocystis lunula, a Case Study. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(5):1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21051784

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fajardo, Carlos; De Donato, Marcos; Rodulfo, Hectorina; Martinez-Rodriguez, Gonzalo; Costas, Benjamin; Mancera, Juan M.; Fernandez-Acero, Francisco J. 2020. "New Perspectives Related to the Bioluminescent System in Dinoflagellates: Pyrocystis lunula, a Case Study" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 5: 1784. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21051784

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop