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The Importance of Cytokinins during Reproductive Development in Arabidopsis and Beyond

Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(21), 8161; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218161
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 20 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Signaling in Plant Reproduction)
Fertilization and seed formation are fundamental events in the life cycle of flowering plants. The seed is a functional unit whose main purpose is to propagate the plant. The first step in seed development is the formation of male and female gametophytes and subsequent steps culminate in successful fertilization. The detailed study of this process is highly relevant because it directly impacts human needs, such as protecting biodiversity and ensuring sustainable agriculture to feed the increasing world population. Cytokinins comprise a class of phytohormones that play many important roles during plant growth and development and in recent years, the role of this class of phytohormones during reproduction has become clear. Here, we review the role of cytokinins during ovule, pollen and seed formation at the genetic and molecular levels. The expansion of knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms that control plant reproduction is extremely important to optimise seed production. View Full-Text
Keywords: cytokinins; reproduction; seed formation cytokinins; reproduction; seed formation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Terceros, G.C.; Resentini, F.; Cucinotta, M.; Manrique, S.; Colombo, L.; Mendes, M.A. The Importance of Cytokinins during Reproductive Development in Arabidopsis and Beyond. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 8161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218161

AMA Style

Terceros GC, Resentini F, Cucinotta M, Manrique S, Colombo L, Mendes MA. The Importance of Cytokinins during Reproductive Development in Arabidopsis and Beyond. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(21):8161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218161

Chicago/Turabian Style

Terceros, Giada C., Francesca Resentini, Mara Cucinotta, Silvia Manrique, Lucia Colombo, and Marta A. Mendes 2020. "The Importance of Cytokinins during Reproductive Development in Arabidopsis and Beyond" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 21: 8161. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21218161

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