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Open AccessArticle

Role of Cyclosporine in Gingival Hyperplasia: An In Vitro Study on Gingival Fibroblasts

1
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Centre of Neuroscience of Milan, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, via Belmoro 8, 40126 Bologna, Italy
3
Multidisciplinary Department of Medical and Dental Specialties, University of Campania-Luigi Vanvitelli, 80138 Naples, Italy
4
Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(2), 595; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21020595
Received: 25 November 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
Background: Gingival hyperplasia could occur after the administration of cyclosporine A. Up to 90% of the patients submitted to immunosuppressant drugs have been reported to suffer from this side effect. The role of fibroblasts in gingival hyperplasia has been widely discussed by literature, showing contrasting results. In order to demonstrate the effect of cyclosporine A on the extracellular matrix component of fibroblasts, we investigated the gene expression profile of human fibroblasts after cyclosporine A administration. Materials and methods: Primary gingival fibroblasts were stimulated with 1000 ng/mL cyclosporine A solution for 16 h. Gene expression levels of 57 genes belonging to the “Extracellular Matrix and Adhesion Molecules” pathway were analyzed using real-time PCR in treated cells, compared to untreated cells used as control. Results: Expression levels of different genes were significantly de-regulated. The gene CDH1, which codes for the cell adhesion protein E-cadherin, showed up-regulation. Almost all the extracellular matrix metalloproteases showed down-regulation (MMP8, MMP11, MMP15, MMP16, MMP24, MMP26). The administration of cyclosporine A was followed by down-regulation of other genes: COL7A1, the transmembrane receptors ITGB2 and ITGB4, and the basement membrane constituents LAMA2 and LAMB1. Conclusion: Data collected demonstrate that cyclosporine inhibits the secretion of matrix proteases, contributing to the accumulation of extracellular matrix components in the gingival connective tissue, causing gingival overgrowth. Patients affected by gingival overgrowth caused by cyclosporine A need to be further investigated in order to determine the role of this drug on fibroblasts. View Full-Text
Keywords: gingival overgrowth; gene expression; drugs; cyclosporine A gingival overgrowth; gene expression; drugs; cyclosporine A
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Lauritano, D.; Palmieri, A.; Lucchese, A.; Di Stasio, D.; Moreo, G.; Carinci, F. Role of Cyclosporine in Gingival Hyperplasia: An In Vitro Study on Gingival Fibroblasts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 595.

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