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Plant Serine Protease Inhibitors: Biotechnology Application in Agriculture and Molecular Farming

Instituto Tecnológico Chascomús (INTECH), UNSAM-CONICET, Chascomús, Provincia de Buenos Aires B7130, Argentina
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(6), 1345; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061345
Received: 12 January 2019 / Revised: 14 February 2019 / Accepted: 18 February 2019 / Published: 17 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Plant Sciences)
The serine protease inhibitors (SPIs) are widely distributed in living organisms like bacteria, fungi, plants, and humans. The main function of SPIs as protease enzymes is to regulate the proteolytic activity. In plants, most of the studies of SPIs have been focused on their physiological role. The initial studies carried out in plants showed that SPIs participate in the regulation of endogenous proteolytic processes, as the regulation of proteases in seeds. Besides, it was observed that SPIs also participate in the regulation of cell death during plant development and senescence. On the other hand, plant SPIs have an important role in plant defense against pests and phytopathogenic microorganisms. In the last 20 years, several transgenic plants over-expressing SPIs have been produced and tested in order to achieve the increase of the resistance against pathogenic insects. Finally, in molecular farming, SPIs have been employed to minimize the proteolysis of recombinant proteins expressed in plants. The present review discusses the potential biotechnological applications of plant SPIs in the agriculture field. View Full-Text
Keywords: serine protease inhibitors; plants; pathogen resistance; molecular farming serine protease inhibitors; plants; pathogen resistance; molecular farming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente, M.; Corigliano, M.G.; Pariani, S.A.; Sánchez-López, E.F.; Sander, V.A.; Ramos-Duarte, V.A. Plant Serine Protease Inhibitors: Biotechnology Application in Agriculture and Molecular Farming. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061345

AMA Style

Clemente M, Corigliano MG, Pariani SA, Sánchez-López EF, Sander VA, Ramos-Duarte VA. Plant Serine Protease Inhibitors: Biotechnology Application in Agriculture and Molecular Farming. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(6):1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clemente, Marina; Corigliano, Mariana G.; Pariani, Sebastián A.; Sánchez-López, Edwin F.; Sander, Valeria A.; Ramos-Duarte, Víctor A. 2019. "Plant Serine Protease Inhibitors: Biotechnology Application in Agriculture and Molecular Farming" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 6: 1345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20061345

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