Unveiling Mesenchymal Stromal Cells’ Organizing Function in Regeneration
AbstractRegeneration is a fundamental process attributed to the functions of adult stem cells. In the last decades, delivery of suspended adult stem cells is widely adopted in regenerative medicine as a leading means of cell therapy. However, adult stem cells cannot complete the task of human body regeneration effectively by themselves as far as they need a receptive microenvironment (the niche) to engraft and perform properly. Understanding the mechanisms underlying mammalian regeneration leads us to an assumption that improved outcomes of cell therapy require a specific microenvironment that is generated in damaged areas prior to stem cell delivery. To a certain extent, it may be achieved by the delivery of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), not in dispersed form, but rather in self-organized cell sheets (CS) – tissue-like structures comprised of viable cells and microenvironment components: extracellular matrix and soluble factors deposited in the matrix. In this review, we highlight the potential role of MSCs as regeneration organizers and speculate that this function emerges in CS. This concept shifts our understanding of the therapeutic mechanism underlying a widely known CS-based delivery method for regenerative medicine. View Full-Text
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Nimiritsky, P.P.; Eremichev, R.Y.; Alexandrushkina, N.A.; Efimenko, A.Y.; Tkachuk, V.A.; Makarevich, P.I. Unveiling Mesenchymal Stromal Cells’ Organizing Function in Regeneration. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 823.
Nimiritsky PP, Eremichev RY, Alexandrushkina NA, Efimenko AY, Tkachuk VA, Makarevich PI. Unveiling Mesenchymal Stromal Cells’ Organizing Function in Regeneration. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(4):823.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nimiritsky, Peter P.; Eremichev, Roman Y.; Alexandrushkina, Natalya A.; Efimenko, Anastasia Y.; Tkachuk, Vsevolod A.; Makarevich, Pavel I. 2019. "Unveiling Mesenchymal Stromal Cells’ Organizing Function in Regeneration." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 4: 823.
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