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Coagulatory Defects in Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes

Medical and Biological Sciences Building, School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9TF, UK
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(24), 6345; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20246345
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular and Cellular Basis of Thrombotic Diseases)
Diabetes (both type-1 and type-2) affects millions of individuals worldwide. A major cause of death for individuals with diabetes is cardiovascular diseases, in part since both types of diabetes lead to physiological changes that affect haemostasis. Those changes include altered concentrations of coagulatory proteins, hyper-activation of platelets, changes in metal ion homeostasis, alterations in lipid metabolism (leading to lipotoxicity in the heart and atherosclerosis), the presence of pro-coagulatory microparticles and endothelial dysfunction. In this review, we explore the different mechanisms by which diabetes leads to an increased risk of developing coagulatory disorders and how this differs between type-1 and type-2 diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: atherosclerosis; endothelial dysfunction; magnesium; metal ions; microparticles; platelets; thrombosis; zinc atherosclerosis; endothelial dysfunction; magnesium; metal ions; microparticles; platelets; thrombosis; zinc
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sobczak, A.I.S.; Stewart, A.J. Coagulatory Defects in Type-1 and Type-2 Diabetes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 6345.

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