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Open AccessArticle

Co-Stimulation of Purinergic P2X4 and Prostanoid EP3 Receptors Triggers Synergistic Degranulation in Murine Mast Cells

1
Laboratory of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Takasaki-shi, Gunma 370-0033, Japan
2
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(20), 5157; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20205157
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 16 October 2019 / Published: 17 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Activation and Modulation of Mast Cells)
Mast cells (MCs) recognize antigens (Ag) via IgE-bound high affinity IgE receptors (FcεRI) and trigger type I allergic reactions. FcεRI-mediated MC activation is regulated by various G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists. We recently reported that ionotropic P2X4 receptor (P2X4R) stimulation enhanced FcεRI-mediated degranulation. Since MCs are involved in Ag-independent hypersensitivity, we investigated whether co-stimulation with ATP and GPCR agonists in the absence of Ag affects MC degranulation. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) induced synergistic degranulation when bone marrow-derived MCs (BMMCs) were co-stimulated with ATP, while pharmacological analyses revealed that the effects of PGE2 and ATP were mediated by EP3 and P2X4R, respectively. Consistently, this response was absent in BMMCs prepared from P2X4R-deficient mice. The effects of ATP and PGE2 were reduced by PI3 kinase inhibitors but were insensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors which suppressed the enhanced degranulation induced by Ag and ATP. MC-dependent PGE2-triggered vascular hyperpermeability was abrogated in a P2X4R-deficient mouse ear edema model. Collectively, our results suggest that P2X4R signaling enhances EP3R-mediated MC activation via a different mechanism to that involved in enhancing Ag-induced responses. Moreover, the cooperative effects of the common inflammatory mediators ATP and PGE2 on MCs may be involved in Ag-independent hypersensitivity in vivo. View Full-Text
Keywords: extracellular ATP; P2X4 receptor; prostaglandin E2; EP3 receptor; bone marrow-derived mast cell; mast cell degranulation; Ca2+ influx; PI3 kinase extracellular ATP; P2X4 receptor; prostaglandin E2; EP3 receptor; bone marrow-derived mast cell; mast cell degranulation; Ca2+ influx; PI3 kinase
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoshida, K.; Tajima, M.; Nagano, T.; Obayashi, K.; Ito, M.; Yamamoto, K.; Matsuoka, I. Co-Stimulation of Purinergic P2X4 and Prostanoid EP3 Receptors Triggers Synergistic Degranulation in Murine Mast Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 5157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20205157

AMA Style

Yoshida K, Tajima M, Nagano T, Obayashi K, Ito M, Yamamoto K, Matsuoka I. Co-Stimulation of Purinergic P2X4 and Prostanoid EP3 Receptors Triggers Synergistic Degranulation in Murine Mast Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(20):5157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20205157

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoshida, Kazuki; Tajima, Makoto; Nagano, Tomoki; Obayashi, Kosuke; Ito, Masaaki; Yamamoto, Kimiko; Matsuoka, Isao. 2019. "Co-Stimulation of Purinergic P2X4 and Prostanoid EP3 Receptors Triggers Synergistic Degranulation in Murine Mast Cells" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 20: 5157. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20205157

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