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Sirtuins and SIRT6 in Carcinogenesis and in Diet

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra (FFUC), Polo das Ciências da Saúde, Azinhaga de Santa Comba, 3000-548 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Department of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Technology and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII 27-31, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
3
Institute of Nanoscience and nanotechnology (IN2UB), Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
CIBERNED Centros de Biomedicina en Red de Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
5
CREA—Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, Italy
6
Department of Pharmacy, University of Napoli Federico II, Via D. Montesano 49, 80131 Napoli, Italy
7
Department of Endocrinology of Hospital de São João, Alameda Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200–319 Porto, Portugal
8
CEB—Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(19), 4945; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20194945
Received: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 October 2019 / Published: 7 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sirtuins in Health and Disease)
Sirtuins are a highly conserved family of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent protein lysine modifying enzymes. They are key regulators for a wide variety of cellular and physiological processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, DNA damage and stress response, genome stability, cell survival, metabolism, energy homeostasis, organ development and aging. Aging is one of the major risk factors of cancer, as many of the physiological mechanisms and pathologies associated with the aging process also contribute to tumor initiation, growth and/or metastasis. This review focuses on one the mammalian sirtuins, SIRT6, which has emerged as an important regulator of longevity and appears to have multiple biochemical functions that interfere with tumor development and may be useful in cancer prevention and for site-specific treatment. The recent evidence of the role of SIRT6 in carcinogenesis is also discussed, focusing on the potential use of SIRT6 modulators in cancer nanomedicine. View Full-Text
Keywords: sirtuins; SIRT6; cancer; modulator; chemotherapy; diet sirtuins; SIRT6; cancer; modulator; chemotherapy; diet
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Céu Teixeira, M.; Sanchez-Lopez, E.; Espina, M.; Garcia, M.L.; Durazzo, A.; Lucarini, M.; Novellino, E.; Souto, S.B.; Santini, A.; Souto, E.B. Sirtuins and SIRT6 in Carcinogenesis and in Diet. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4945.

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