Regulation of Hedgehog signaling Offers A Novel Perspective for Bone Homeostasis Disorder Treatment
AbstractThe hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway is central to the regulation of bone development and homeostasis. HH signaling is not only involved in osteoblast differentiation from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs), but also acts upstream within osteoblasts via the OPG/RANK/RANKL axis to control the expression of RANKL. HH signaling has been found to up-regulate parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) expression in osteoblasts, which in turn activates its downstream targets nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB), and as a result CREB and NFAT cooperatively increase RANKL expression and osteoclastogenesis. Osteoblasts must remain in balance with osteoclasts in order to avoid excessive bone formation or resorption, thereby maintaining bone homeostasis. This review systemically summarizes the mechanisms whereby HH signaling induces osteoblast development and controls RANKL expression through PTHrP in osteoblasts. Proper targeting of HH signaling may offer a therapeutic option for treating bone homeostasis disorders. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Lv, W.-T.; Du, D.-H.; Gao, R.-J.; Yu, C.-W.; Jia, Y.; Jia, Z.-F.; Wang, C.-J. Regulation of Hedgehog signaling Offers A Novel Perspective for Bone Homeostasis Disorder Treatment. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3981.
Lv W-T, Du D-H, Gao R-J, Yu C-W, Jia Y, Jia Z-F, Wang C-J. Regulation of Hedgehog signaling Offers A Novel Perspective for Bone Homeostasis Disorder Treatment. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(16):3981.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lv, Wen-Ting; Du, Dong-Hua; Gao, Rui-Juan; Yu, Chun-Wei; Jia, Yan; Jia, Zhi-Feng; Wang, Chun-Jie. 2019. "Regulation of Hedgehog signaling Offers A Novel Perspective for Bone Homeostasis Disorder Treatment." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 16: 3981.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.