Selective Separation of Acetic and Hexanoic Acids across Polymer Inclusion Membrane with Ionic Liquids as Carrier
AbstractThis paper first reports on the selective separation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) (acetic and hexanoic acids) using polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) containing quaternary ammonium and phosphonium ionic liquids (ILs) as the carrier. The affecting parameters such as IL content, VFA concentration, and the initial pH of the feed solution as well as the type and concentration of the stripping solution were investigated. PIMs performed a much higher selective separation performance toward hexanoic acid. The optimal PIM composed of 60 wt% quaternary ammonium IL with the permeability coefficients for acetic and hexanoic acid of 0.72 and 4.38 µm s−1, respectively, was determined. The purity of hexanoic acid obtained in the stripping solution increased with an increase in the VFA concentration of the feed solution and decreasing HCl concentration of the stripping solution. The use of Na2CO3 as the stripping solution and the involvement of the electrodialysis process could dramatically enhance the transport efficiency of both VFAs, but the separation efficiency decreased sharply. Furthermore, a coordinating mechanism containing hydrogen bonding and ion exchange for VFA transport was demonstrated. The highest purity of hexanoic acid (89.3%) in the stripping solution demonstrated that this PIM technology has good prospects for the separation and recovery of VFAs from aqueous solutions. View Full-Text
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Wang, B.-Y.; Zhang, N.; Li, Z.-Y.; Lang, Q.-L.; Yan, B.-H.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, Y. Selective Separation of Acetic and Hexanoic Acids across Polymer Inclusion Membrane with Ionic Liquids as Carrier. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3915.
Wang B-Y, Zhang N, Li Z-Y, Lang Q-L, Yan B-H, Liu Y, Zhang Y. Selective Separation of Acetic and Hexanoic Acids across Polymer Inclusion Membrane with Ionic Liquids as Carrier. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(16):3915.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Bao-Ying; Zhang, Na; Li, Zhen-Yu; Lang, Qiao-Lin; Yan, Bing-Hua; Liu, Yang; Zhang, Yang. 2019. "Selective Separation of Acetic and Hexanoic Acids across Polymer Inclusion Membrane with Ionic Liquids as Carrier." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 16: 3915.
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