The Cyclooxigenase-2 Inhibitor Parecoxib Prevents Epidermal Dysplasia in HPV16-Transgenic Mice: Efficacy and Safety Observations
AbstractCarcinogenesis induced by high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) involves inflammatory phenomena, partially mediated by cyclooxigenase-2. In pre-clinical models of HPV-induced cancer, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors have shown significant efficacy, but also considerable toxicity. This study addresses the chemopreventive effect and hepatic toxicity of a specific cyclooxigensase-2 inhibitor, parecoxib, in HPV16-transgenic mice. Forty-three 20 weeks-old female mice were divided into four groups: I (HPV16−/−, n = 10, parecoxib-treated); II (HPV16−/− n = 11, untreated); III (HPV16+/−, n = 11, parecoxib-treated) and IV (HPV16+/−, n = 11, untreated). Parecoxib (5.0 mg/kg once daily) or vehicle was administered intraperitoneally for 22 consecutive days. Skin lesions were classified histologically. Toxicological endpoints included genotoxic parameters, hepatic oxidative stress, transaminases and histology. Parecoxib completely prevented the onset of epidermal dysplasia in HPV16+/− treated animals (0% versus 64% in HPV16+/− untreated, p = 0.027). Parecoxib decreases lipid peroxidation (LPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and increases the GSH:GSSG ratio in HPV16+/− treated animals meaning that oxidative stress is lower. Parecoxib increased genotoxic stress parameters in wild-type and HPV16-transgenic mice, but didn’t modify histological or biochemical hepatic parameters. These results indicate that parecoxib has chemopreventive effects against HPV16-induced lesions while maintaining an acceptable toxicological profile in this model. View Full-Text
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Ferreira, T.; Campos, S.; Silva, M.G.; Ribeiro, R.; Santos, S.; Almeida, J.; Pires, M.J.; Gil da Costa, R.M.; Córdova, C.; Nogueira, A.; Neuparth, M.J.; Medeiros, R.; Monteiro Bastos, M.M.S.; Gaivão, I.; Peixoto, F.; Oliveira, M.M.; Oliveira, P.A. The Cyclooxigenase-2 Inhibitor Parecoxib Prevents Epidermal Dysplasia in HPV16-Transgenic Mice: Efficacy and Safety Observations. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 3902.
Ferreira T, Campos S, Silva MG, Ribeiro R, Santos S, Almeida J, Pires MJ, Gil da Costa RM, Córdova C, Nogueira A, Neuparth MJ, Medeiros R, Monteiro Bastos MMS, Gaivão I, Peixoto F, Oliveira MM, Oliveira PA. The Cyclooxigenase-2 Inhibitor Parecoxib Prevents Epidermal Dysplasia in HPV16-Transgenic Mice: Efficacy and Safety Observations. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(16):3902.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ferreira, Tiago; Campos, Sandra; Silva, Mónica G.; Ribeiro, Rita; Santos, Susana; Almeida, José; Pires, Maria J.; Gil da Costa, Rui M.; Córdova, Cláudia; Nogueira, António; Neuparth, Maria J.; Medeiros, Rui; Monteiro Bastos, Margarida M.S.; Gaivão, Isabel; Peixoto, Francisco; Oliveira, Maria M.; Oliveira, Paula A. 2019. "The Cyclooxigenase-2 Inhibitor Parecoxib Prevents Epidermal Dysplasia in HPV16-Transgenic Mice: Efficacy and Safety Observations." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 16: 3902.
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