Cisplatin is one of the major drugs used in oral cancer treatments, but its usage can be limited by acquired drug resistance. In this study, we established three cisplatin-resistant oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines and characterized them using cell viability assays, qPCR, Western blotting, FACS, immunofluorescence, and wound healing assays. Three OSCC cell lines (YD-8, YD-9, and YD-38) underwent long-term exposure to cisplatin, eventually acquiring resistance to the drug, which was confirmed by an MTT assay. In these three newly established cell lines (YD-8/CIS, YD-9/CIS, and YD-38/CIS), overexpression of multidrug resistance (MDR)-related genes was detected by qPCR and Western blotting. The cell lines displayed an increase in the functional activities of breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and multidrug resistance protein1 (MDR1) by rhodamine 123 and bodipy FL prazosin accumulation assays. Moreover, the cisplatin-resistant cells underwent morphological changes, from round to spindle-shaped, increased expression of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related molecules such as N-cadherin, and showed increased cell migration when compared with the parental cell lines. These results suggest that these newly established cell lines have acquired drug resistance and EMT induction.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited