Next Article in Journal
The Prediction of Gestational Hypertension, Preeclampsia and Fetal Growth Restriction via the First Trimester Screening of Plasma Exosomal C19MC microRNAs
Next Article in Special Issue
Two Novel er1 Alleles Conferring Powdery Mildew (Erysiphe pisi) Resistance Identified in a Worldwide Collection of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Germplasms
Previous Article in Journal
Multifaceted Role of the Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) in the Antitumor Immune Response and Cancer Progression
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characterization and Rapid Gene-Mapping of Leaf Lesion Mimic Phenotype of spl-1 Mutant in Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)
Open AccessReview

Towards Exploitation of Adaptive Traits for Climate-Resilient Smart Pulses

1
Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kalyanpur, Kanpur 208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India
2
ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna 800 014, Bihar, India
3
Biodiversity and Integrated Gene Management Program, International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), P.O. Box 6299, Rabat-Institute, Rabat, Morocco
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(12), 2971; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20122971
Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 18 May 2019 / Accepted: 28 May 2019 / Published: 18 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Legume Genetics and Biology: From Mendel's Pea to Legume Genomics)
Pulses are the main source of protein and minerals in the vegetarian diet. These are primarily cultivated on marginal lands with few inputs in several resource-poor countries of the world, including several in South Asia. Their cultivation in resource-scarce conditions exposes them to various abiotic and biotic stresses, leading to significant yield losses. Furthermore, climate change due to global warming has increased their vulnerability to emerging new insect pests and abiotic stresses that can become even more serious in the coming years. The changing climate scenario has made it more challenging to breed and develop climate-resilient smart pulses. Although pulses are climate smart, as they simultaneously adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change, their narrow genetic diversity has always been a major constraint to their improvement for adaptability. However, existing genetic diversity still provides opportunities to exploit novel attributes for developing climate-resilient cultivars. The mining and exploitation of adaptive traits imparting tolerance/resistance to climate-smart pulses can be accelerated further by using cutting-edge approaches of biotechnology such as transgenics, genome editing, and epigenetics. This review discusses various classical and molecular approaches and strategies to exploit adaptive traits for breeding climate-smart pulses. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive traits; gene/QTL; epigenetics; transgenics; genome editing; climate-smart pulses adaptive traits; gene/QTL; epigenetics; transgenics; genome editing; climate-smart pulses
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kumar, J.; Choudhary, A.K.; Gupta, D.S.; Kumar, S. Towards Exploitation of Adaptive Traits for Climate-Resilient Smart Pulses. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2971.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop