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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(8), 2284;

From the Clinical Problem to the Basic Research—Co-Culture Models of Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts

Department of Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Siegfried Weller Institute for Trauma Research, Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, BG Trauma Center Tuebingen, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 3 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Basis of Musculoskeletal Regeneration)
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Bone tissue undergoes constant remodeling and healing when fracture happens, in order to ensure its structural integrity. In order to better understand open biological and clinical questions linked to various bone diseases, bone cell co-culture technology is believed to shed some light into the dark. Osteoblasts/osteocytes and osteoclasts dominate the metabolism of bone by a multitude of connections. Therefore, it is widely accepted that a constant improvement of co-culture models with both cell types cultured on a 3D scaffold, is aimed to mimic an in vivo environment as closely as possible. Although in recent years a considerable knowledge of bone co-culture models has been accumulated, there are still many open questions. We here try to summarize the actual knowledge and address open questions. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-culture; osteoblasts; osteoclasts; 2D cultures; 3D scaffolds; bone metabolism co-culture; osteoblasts; osteoclasts; 2D cultures; 3D scaffolds; bone metabolism

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Zhu, S.; Ehnert, S.; Rouß, M.; Häussling, V.; Aspera-Werz, R.H.; Chen, T.; Nussler, A.K. From the Clinical Problem to the Basic Research—Co-Culture Models of Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2284.

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