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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(7), 2051; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19072051

Vitamin D and Uterine Fibroids—Review of the Literature and Novel Concepts

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, 00-416 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacogenomics, Faculty of Pharmacy with Division of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
3
Center for Preclinical Research, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
4
Students’ Scientific Association at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-015 Warsaw, Poland
5
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecological Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Gdansk, 80-210 Gdansk, Poland
6
INVICTA Fertility and Reproductive Center, 80-172 Gdansk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 12 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D and Human Health)
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Abstract

This article provides a detailed review of current knowledge on the role of vitamin D and its receptor in the biology and management of uterine fibroids (UFs). Authors present ideas for future steps in this area. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using the following key words: “uterine fibroid” and “vitamin D”. The results of the available studies, published in English from January 2002 up to April 2018, have been discussed. Vitamin D is a group of steroid compounds with a powerful impact on many parts of the human body. This vitamin is believed to regulate cell proliferation and differentiation, inhibit angiogenesis, and stimulate apoptosis. Nowadays, hypovitaminosis D is believed to be a major risk factor in the development of UFs. In many studies vitamin D appears to be a powerful factor against UFs, resulting in inhibition of tumor cell division and a significant reduction in its size, however, the exact role of this compound and its receptor in the pathophysiology of UFs is not fully understood. According to available studies, vitamin D and its analogs seem to be promising, effective, and low-cost compounds in the management of UFs and their clinical symptoms, and the anti-tumor activities of vitamin D play an important role in UF biology. The synergy between vitamin D and selected anti-UF drugs is a very interesting issue which requires further research. Further studies about the biological effect of vitamin D on UF biology are essential. Vitamin D preparations (alone or as a co-drugs) could become new tools in the fight with UFs, with the additional beneficial pleiotropic effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: uterine fibroid; leiomyoma; vitamin D; vitamin D receptor; vitamin D analogs uterine fibroid; leiomyoma; vitamin D; vitamin D receptor; vitamin D analogs
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Ciebiera, M.; Włodarczyk, M.; Ciebiera, M.; Zaręba, K.; Łukaszuk, K.; Jakiel, G. Vitamin D and Uterine Fibroids—Review of the Literature and Novel Concepts. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2051.

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