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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(4), 1096;

Molecular Characterization of Gastric Epithelial Cells Using Flow Cytometry

Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63104, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 March 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Features Distinguishing Gastric Cancer Subtypes)
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The ability to analyze individual epithelial cells in the gastric mucosa would provide important insight into gastric disease, including chronic gastritis and progression to gastric cancer. However, the successful isolation of viable gastric epithelial cells (parietal cells, neck cells, chief cells, and foveolar cells) from gastric glands has been limited due to difficulties in tissue processing. Furthermore, analysis and interpretation of gastric epithelial cell flow cytometry data has been difficult due to the varying sizes and light scatter properties of the different epithelial cells, high levels of autofluorescence, and poor cell viability. These studies were designed to develop a reliable method for isolating viable single cells from the corpus of stomachs and to optimize analyses examining epithelial cells from healthy and diseased stomach tissue by flow cytometry. We performed a two stage enzymatic digestion in which collagenase released individual gastric glands from the stromal tissue of the corpus, followed by a Dispase II digestion that dispersed these glands into greater than 1 × 106 viable single cells per gastric corpus. Single cell suspensions were comprised of all major cell lineages found in the normal gastric glands. A method describing light scatter, size exclusion, doublet discrimination, viability staining, and fluorescently-conjugated antibodies and lectins was used to analyze individual epithelial cells and immune cells. This technique was capable of identifying parietal cells and revealed that gastric epithelial cells in the chronically inflamed mucosa significantly upregulated major histocompatibility complexes (MHC) I and II but not CD80 or CD86, which are costimulatory molecules involved in T cell activation. These studies describe a method for isolating viable single cells and a detailed description of flow cytometric analysis of cells from healthy and diseased stomachs. These studies begin to identify effects of chronic inflammation on individual gastric epithelial cells, a critical consideration for the study of gastric cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow cytometry; gastric epithelium; autoimmune gastritis; atrophic gastritis flow cytometry; gastric epithelium; autoimmune gastritis; atrophic gastritis

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Bockerstett, K.A.; Wong, C.F.; Koehm, S.; Ford, E.L.; DiPaolo, R.J. Molecular Characterization of Gastric Epithelial Cells Using Flow Cytometry. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1096.

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