3D Biomimetic Magnetic Structures for Static Magnetic Field Stimulation of Osteogenesis
AbstractWe designed, fabricated and optimized 3D biomimetic magnetic structures that stimulate the osteogenesis in static magnetic fields. The structures were fabricated by direct laser writing via two-photon polymerization of IP-L780 photopolymer and were based on ellipsoidal, hexagonal units organized in a multilayered architecture. The magnetic activity of the structures was assured by coating with a thin layer of collagen-chitosan-hydroxyapatite-magnetic nanoparticles composite. In vitro experiments using MG-63 osteoblast-like cells for 3D structures with gradients of pore size helped us to find an optimum pore size between 20–40 µm. Starting from optimized 3D structures, we evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively the effects of static magnetic fields of up to 250 mT on cell proliferation and differentiation, by ALP (alkaline phosphatase) production, Alizarin Red and osteocalcin secretion measurements. We demonstrated that the synergic effect of 3D structure optimization and static magnetic stimulation enhances the bone regeneration by a factor greater than 2 as compared with the same structure in the absence of a magnetic field. View Full-Text
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Paun, I.A.; Popescu, R.C.; Calin, B.S.; Mustaciosu, C.C.; Dinescu, M.; Luculescu, C.R. 3D Biomimetic Magnetic Structures for Static Magnetic Field Stimulation of Osteogenesis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 495.
Paun IA, Popescu RC, Calin BS, Mustaciosu CC, Dinescu M, Luculescu CR. 3D Biomimetic Magnetic Structures for Static Magnetic Field Stimulation of Osteogenesis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(2):495.Chicago/Turabian Style
Paun, Irina A.; Popescu, Roxana C.; Calin, Bogdan S.; Mustaciosu, Cosmin C.; Dinescu, Maria; Luculescu, Catalin R. 2018. "3D Biomimetic Magnetic Structures for Static Magnetic Field Stimulation of Osteogenesis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 2: 495.
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