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Open AccessArticle

Wound-Healing Markers Revealed by Proximity Extension Assay in Tears of Patients following Glaucoma Surgery

1
Biomarker Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Egyetem ter 1., 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Proteomics Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Egyetem ter 1., 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
3
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98., 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(12), 4096; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19124096
Received: 15 October 2018 / Revised: 26 November 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 18 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
Tears are a constantly available and highly valuable body fluid collectable by non-invasive techniques. Although it can give information on ocular status and be used for follow-ups, tear analysis is challenging due to the low amount of sample that is available. Proximity extension assay (PEA) allows for a sensitive and scalable analysis of multiple proteins in a single run from a one-µL sample, so we applied this technique and examined the amount of 184 proteins in tears collected at different time points after trabeculectomy. The success rate of this surgical intervention highly depends on proper wound healing; therefore, information on the process is indispensable. We observed significantly higher levels of IL-6 and MMP1 at the early time points (day one, two, and four) following trabeculectomy, and the protein amounts went back to the level observed before the surgery three months after the intervention. Patients with or without complications were tested, and proteins that have roles in the immune response and wound healing could be observed with altered frequency and amounts in the cases of patients with complications. Our results highlight the importance of inflammation in wound-healing complications, and at the same time, indicate the utility of PEA in tear analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: proximity extension assay; tear; glaucoma; wound healing; inflammation proximity extension assay; tear; glaucoma; wound healing; inflammation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Csősz, É.; Tóth, N.; Deák, E.; Csutak, A.; Tőzsér, J. Wound-Healing Markers Revealed by Proximity Extension Assay in Tears of Patients following Glaucoma Surgery. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 4096.

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