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Open AccessReview

The Role of Vitamin D in Thyroid Diseases

by Dohee Kim 1,2
1
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungnam 330-714, Korea
2
Department of Kinesiologic Medical Science, Graduate, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-714, Korea
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(9), 1949; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18091949
Received: 14 July 2017 / Revised: 6 September 2017 / Accepted: 7 September 2017 / Published: 12 September 2017
The main role of vitamin D is regulating bone metabolism and calcium and phosphorus homeostasis. Over the past few decades, the importance of vitamin D in non-skeletal actions has been studied, including the role of vitamin D in autoimmune diseases, metabolic syndromes, cardiovascular disease, cancers, and all-cause mortality. Recent evidence has demonstrated an association between low vitamin D status and autoimmune thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves’ disease, and impaired vitamin D signaling has been reported in thyroid cancers. This review will focus on recent data on the possible role of vitamin D in thyroid diseases, including autoimmune thyroid diseases and thyroid cancers. View Full-Text
Keywords: autoimmune thyroid disease; Graves’ disease; Hashimoto’s thyroiditis; thyroid cancer; vitamin D autoimmune thyroid disease; Graves’ disease; Hashimoto’s thyroiditis; thyroid cancer; vitamin D
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, D. The Role of Vitamin D in Thyroid Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1949.

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