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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(8), 1690;

Leptin Receptor Gene Variant rs11804091 Is Associated with BMI and Insulin Resistance in Spanish Female Obese Children: A Case-Control Study

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Faculty of Pharmacy, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Granada, Av. Del Conocimiento s/n., 18016 Granada, Spain
CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs.GRANADA, 18012 Granada, Spain
Paediatric Research and Metabolism Unit, Reina Sofía University Hospital, Maimonides Institute for Biomedical Research (IMIBIC), Av. Menendez Pidal s/n., 14010 Córdoba, Spain
Unit of Investigation in Nutrition, Growth and Human Development of Galicia, Paediatric Department, Clinic University Hospital of Santiago, University of Santiago de Compostela, Travesia de Choupana, 15706 Galicia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 July 2017 / Revised: 27 July 2017 / Accepted: 28 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adipokines)
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Leptin is an endocrine hormone that has a critical role in body weight homoeostasis and mediates its effects via the leptin receptor (LEPR). Common polymorphisms in the genes coding leptin receptors have been associated with metabolic abnormalities. We assessed the association of 28 LEPR polymorphisms with body mass index (BMI) and their relationship with obesity-related phenotypes, inflammation and cardiovascular disease risk biomarkers. A multicentre case-control study was conducted in 522 children (286 with obesity and 236 with normal-BMI). All anthropometric, metabolic factors and biomarkers were higher in children with obesity except apolipoprotein (Apo)-AI, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), and adiponectin, which were lower in the obesity group; and glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 that did not differ between groups. We identified the associations between rs11208659, rs11804091, rs10157275, rs9436303 and rs1627238, and BMI in the whole population, as well as the association of rs11804091, rs10157275, and rs1327118 with BMI in the female group, although only the rs11804091 remained associated after Bonferroni correction (p = 0.038). This single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) was also associated with insulin (p = 0.004), homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (p = 0.006), quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) (p = 0.005) and adiponectin (p = 0.046) after adjusting for age, Tanner stage and BMI. Our results show a sex-specific association between the rs11804091 and obesity suggesting an influence of this SNP on insulin resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: LEPR gene; genetic polymorphism; obesity; child; insulin resistance LEPR gene; genetic polymorphism; obesity; child; insulin resistance

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Olza, J.; Rupérez, A.I.; Gil-Campos, M.; Leis, R.; Cañete, R.; Tojo, R.; Gil, Á.; Aguilera, C.M. Leptin Receptor Gene Variant rs11804091 Is Associated with BMI and Insulin Resistance in Spanish Female Obese Children: A Case-Control Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1690.

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