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Open AccessReview

Recent Advances in Targeting the EGFR Signaling Pathway for the Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

1
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan
2
Cancer Center, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter J. K. Kuppen
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(4), 752; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18040752
Received: 7 March 2017 / Revised: 25 March 2017 / Accepted: 28 March 2017 / Published: 2 April 2017
Outcomes for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients have been improved by treatment with anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) antibodies, particularly when combined with predictive biomarkers to select patients lacking RAS mutations. New technologies such as liquid biopsy and next-generation sequencing have revealed that potential mechanisms of resistance to anti-EGFR therapies act through acquired mutations of KRAS and the EGFR ectodomain. Mutations in cross-talking molecular effectors that participate in downstream EGFR signaling are also negative predictors for anti-EGFR therapy. In the current review, we describe recent advances in anti-EGFR therapy and discuss new treatment strategies to target downstream RAS-MAPK signaling in mCRC. View Full-Text
Keywords: metastatic colorectal cancer; epidermal growth-factor receptor signaling (EGFR); chemotherapy; secondary resistance metastatic colorectal cancer; epidermal growth-factor receptor signaling (EGFR); chemotherapy; secondary resistance
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Miyamoto, Y.; Suyama, K.; Baba, H. Recent Advances in Targeting the EGFR Signaling Pathway for the Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 752.

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