Quantitative Determination of Stilbenoids and Dihydroisocoumarins in Shorea roxburghii and Evaluation of Their Hepatoprotective Activity
AbstractA simultaneous quantitative analytical method for 13 stilbenoids including (−)-hopeaphenol (1), (+)-isohopeaphenol (2), hemsleyanol D (3), (−)-ampelopsin H (4), vaticanols A (5), E (6), and G (7), (+)-α-viniferin (8), pauciflorol A (9), hopeafuran (10), (−)-balanocarpol (11), (−)-ampelopsin A (12), and trans-resveratrol 10-C-β-d-glucopyranoside (13), and two dihydroisocoumarins, phayomphenols A1 (14) and A2 (15) in the extract of Shorea roxburghii (dipterocarpaceae) was developed. According to the established protocol, distributions of these 15 polyphenols (1–15) in the bark and wood parts of S. roxburghii and a related plant Cotylelobium melanoxylon were evaluated. In addition, the principal polyphenols (1, 2, 8, 13–15) exhibited hepatoprotective effects against d-galactosamine (d-galN)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury in mice at a dose of 100 or 200 mg/kg, p.o. To characterize the mechanisms of action, the isolates were examined in in vitro studies assessing their effects on (i) d-GalN-induced cytotoxicity in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes; (ii) LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in mouse peritoneal macrophages; and (iii) tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced cytotoxicity in L929 cells. The mechanisms of action of these polyphenols (1, 2, and 8) were suggested to be dependent on the inhibition of LPS-induced macrophage activation and reduction of sensitivity of hepatocytes to TNF-α. However, none of the isolates reduced the cytotoxicity caused by d-GalN. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 411 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Ninomiya, K.; Chaipech, S.; Kunikata, Y.; Yagi, R.; Pongpiriyadacha, Y.; Muraoka, O.; Morikawa, T. Quantitative Determination of Stilbenoids and Dihydroisocoumarins in Shorea roxburghii and Evaluation of Their Hepatoprotective Activity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 451.
Ninomiya K, Chaipech S, Kunikata Y, Yagi R, Pongpiriyadacha Y, Muraoka O, Morikawa T. Quantitative Determination of Stilbenoids and Dihydroisocoumarins in Shorea roxburghii and Evaluation of Their Hepatoprotective Activity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(2):451.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ninomiya, Kiyofumi; Chaipech, Saowanee; Kunikata, Yusuke; Yagi, Ryohei; Pongpiriyadacha, Yutana; Muraoka, Osamu; Morikawa, Toshio. 2017. "Quantitative Determination of Stilbenoids and Dihydroisocoumarins in Shorea roxburghii and Evaluation of Their Hepatoprotective Activity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 2: 451.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.