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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(10), 2089;

MicroRNA-34a: A Versatile Regulator of Myriads of Targets in Different Cancers

Laboratory for Translational Oncology and Personalized Medicine, Rashid Latif Medical College, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
Department of Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Department of Oncologic Sciences, Mitchell Cancer Institute, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36604, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 25 September 2017 / Published: 2 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue microRNA Regulation 2017)
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MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a tumor suppressor that has attracted considerable attention in recent years. It modulates cancer cell invasion, metastasis, and drug resistance, and has also been evaluated as a diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarker. A number of targets of miR-34a have been identified, including some other non-coding RNAs, and it is believed that the modulation of these myriads of targets underlines the versatile role of miR-34a in cancer progression and pathogenesis. Seemingly appealing results from preclinical studies have advocated the testing of miR-34a in clinical trials. However, the results obtained are not very encouraging and there is a need to re-interpret how miR-34a behaves in a context dependent manner in different cancers. In this review, we have attempted to summarize the most recent evidence related to the regulation of different genes and non-coding RNAs by miR-34a and the advances in the field of nanotechnology for the targeted delivery of miR-34a-based therapeutics and mimics. With the emergence of data that contradicts miR-34a’s tumor suppressive function, it is important to understand miR-34a’s precise functioning, with the aim to establish its role in personalized medicine and to apply this knowledge for the identification of individual patients that are likely to benefit from miR-34a-based therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: miR-34a; non-coding RNA; tumor-suppressor miR-34a; non-coding RNA; tumor-suppressor

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Farooqi, A.A.; Tabassum, S.; Ahmad, A. MicroRNA-34a: A Versatile Regulator of Myriads of Targets in Different Cancers. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2089.

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