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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(8), 1269;

Punicalagin Mollifies Lead Acetate-Induced Oxidative Imbalance in Male Reproductive System

Institute of Immunology and CAS (Chinese Academy of Sciences) Key Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Chronic Disease, Innovation Center for Cell Biology, School of Life Sciences and Medical Center, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale, Hefei 230027, Anhui, China
International Peace Maternity &Child Health Hospital. School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200025, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Charles Brennan
Received: 20 June 2016 / Revised: 26 July 2016 / Accepted: 27 July 2016 / Published: 11 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Punicalagin (PU) is a known antioxidant. The present study examined PU to protect against lead-induced oxidative stress (OS) testicular damage in mice. Significant increase in lipid peroxidation (LPO) after intraperitoneal injection of lead acetate (LA) indicated enormous generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Lead-induced OS has a direct effect on the differentiation of spermatogonial cells, showing a significant decline in sperm count. Supplementation of PU significantly changes values of LPO and glutathione (GSH) with a concomitant increase in sperm count, a marked decrease in the abnormal sperms, and a decline in the morphologically abnormal sperm population. Moreover, the histopathological evaluation of testes and epididymides showed severe changes in mice treated with LA. PU significantly induced nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2-like 2 (Nrf2) expression and phase II enzymes, and data suggest that PU may inhibit OS through Nrf2 activation. The fertility test proved that PU might play an important role in male infertility treatment, especially in the type of infertility induced by OS. View Full-Text
Keywords: fertility; oxidative stress; punicalagin; lead acetate; testicular damage fertility; oxidative stress; punicalagin; lead acetate; testicular damage

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rao, F.; Zhai, Y.; Sun, F. Punicalagin Mollifies Lead Acetate-Induced Oxidative Imbalance in Male Reproductive System. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1269.

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