Profiling Taste and Aroma Compound Metabolism during Apricot Fruit Development and Ripening
AbstractSugars, organic acids and volatiles of apricot were determined by HPLC and GC-MS during fruit development and ripening, and the key taste and aroma components were identified by integrating flavor compound contents with consumers’ evaluation. Sucrose and glucose were the major sugars in apricot fruit. The contents of all sugars increased rapidly, and the accumulation pattern of sugars converted from glucose-predominated to sucrose-predominated during fruit development and ripening. Sucrose synthase (SS), sorbitol oxidase (SO) and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) are under tight developmental control and they might play important roles in sugar accumulation. Almost all organic acids identified increased during early development and then decrease rapidly. During early development, fruit mainly accumulated quinate and malate, with the increase of citrate after maturation, and quinate, malate and citrate were the predominant organic acids at the ripening stage. The odor activity values (OAV) of aroma volatiles showed that 18 aroma compounds were the characteristic components of apricot fruit. Aldehydes and terpenes decreased significantly during the whole development period, whereas lactones and apocarotenoids significantly increased with fruit ripening. The partial least squares regression (PLSR) results revealed that β-ionone, γ-decalactone, sucrose and citrate are the key characteristic flavor factors contributing to consumer acceptance. Carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases (CCD) may be involved in β-ionone formation in apricot fruit. View Full-Text
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Xi, W.; Zheng, H.; Zhang, Q.; Li, W. Profiling Taste and Aroma Compound Metabolism during Apricot Fruit Development and Ripening. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 998.
Xi W, Zheng H, Zhang Q, Li W. Profiling Taste and Aroma Compound Metabolism during Apricot Fruit Development and Ripening. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):998.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xi, Wanpeng; Zheng, Huiwen; Zhang, Qiuyun; Li, Wenhui. 2016. "Profiling Taste and Aroma Compound Metabolism during Apricot Fruit Development and Ripening." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 998.
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